Encoders are digital ICs used for encoding. By encoding, we mean generating a digital binary code for every input. An Encoder IC generally consists of an Enable pin which is usually set high to indicate the working. It consists of 2^n input lines and n output lines with each input line being represented by a code of zeros and ones which are reflected at the output lines.
Decoders are digital ICs which are used for decoding. In other words, the decoders decrypt or obtain the actual data from the received code, i.e. convert the binary input at its input to a form, which is reflected at its output. It consists of n input lines and 2^n output lines. A decoder can be used to obtain the required data from the code or can also be used for obtaining the parallel data from the serial data received.
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